#lang scheme/base
;;; PLT Scheme Science Collection
;;; discrete-histogram.ss
;;; Copyright (c) 2004-2008 M. Douglas Williams
;;; This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
;;; modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
;;; License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
;;; version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
;;; This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; Lesser General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
;;; License along with this library; if not, write to the Free
;;; Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
;;; 02111-1307 USA.
;;; -------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; This module provides discrete histograms - that is, the range of
;;; the histogram (bins) must be integers.
;;; Version  Date      Description
;;  1.0.0    09/30/04  Marked as ready for Release 1.0.  (Doug
;;;                    Williams)
;;; 2.0.0    11/19/07  Added unchecked versions of functions and getting
;;;                    ready for PLT Scheme V4.0.  (Doug Williams)
;;; 3.0.0    06/09/08  Changes required for V4.0.  (Doug Williams)
;;; Data Definition

;;; Structur: discrete-histogram
(define-values (struct:discrete-histogram
  (make-struct-type 'discrete-histogram #f 4 0))

;;; Contracts

(require (lib "contract.ss"))

 (rename-out (discrete-histogram-increment! unchecked-discrete-histogram-increment!)
             (discrete-histogram-accumulate! unchecked-discrete-histogram-accumumate!)))

  (-> any/c boolean?))
  (case-> (->r ((n1 integer?)
                (n2 (and/c integer?
                           (>=/c n1)))
                (dynamic? boolean?))
          (->r ((n1 integer?)
                (n2 (and/c integer?
                           (>=/c n1))))
          (-> discrete-histogram?)))
  (-> discrete-histogram? integer?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? integer?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? boolean?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? (vectorof real?)))
  (-> discrete-histogram? integer? void?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? integer? real? void?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? integer? real?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? real?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? real?))
  (-> discrete-histogram? real?)))

;;; make-discrete-histogram: integer x integer x boolean -> discrete-histogram
(define make-discrete-histogram
    ((n1 n2 dynamic?)
      n1 n2 dynamic? (make-vector (+ (- n2 n1) 1))))
    ((n1 n2)
     (make-discrete-histogram n1 n2 #f))
     (make-discrete-histogram 0 -1 #t))))

;;; Define discrete-histogram fields
(define discrete-histogram-n1
  (make-struct-field-accessor discrete-histogram-field-ref 0 'n1))

(define set-discrete-histogram-n1!
  (make-struct-field-mutator set-discrete-histogram-field! 0 'n1))

(define discrete-histogram-n2
  (make-struct-field-accessor discrete-histogram-field-ref 1 'n2))

(define set-discrete-histogram-n2!
  (make-struct-field-mutator set-discrete-histogram-field! 1 'n2))

(define discrete-histogram-dynamic?
  (make-struct-field-accessor discrete-histogram-field-ref 2 'dynamic?))

(define discrete-histogram-bins
  (make-struct-field-accessor discrete-histogram-field-ref 3 'bins))

(define set-discrete-histogram-bins!
  (make-struct-field-mutator set-discrete-histogram-field! 3 'bins))

;;; discrete-histogram-increment!:
;;;   discrete-histogram x integer -> void
(define (discrete-histogram-increment! h i)
  (discrete-histogram-accumulate! h i 1))

;; discrete-histogram-accumulate!:
;;   discrete-histogram x integer x real -> void
(define (discrete-histogram-accumulate! h i weight)
  (let* ((n1 (discrete-histogram-n1 h))
         (n2 (discrete-histogram-n2 h))
         (n (+ (- n2 n1) 1))
         (dynamic? (discrete-histogram-dynamic? h))
         (bins (discrete-histogram-bins h)))
    (let/ec exit
      (when (not (<= n1 i n2))
        (if (not dynamic?)
            (exit (void))
            (let* ((new-n1 (if (> n 0) (min i n1) i))
                   (new-n2 (if (> n 0) (max i n2) i))
                   (new-n (+ (- new-n2 new-n1) 1))
                   (new-bins (make-vector new-n)))
              ;; Copy bins
              (do ((i 0 (+ i 1)))
                  ((= i n) (void))
                (vector-set! new-bins (+ (- n1 new-n1) i)
                             (vector-ref bins i)))
              ;; Update local variables
              (set! n1 new-n1)
              (set! n2 new-n2)
              (set! n new-n)
              (set! bins new-bins)
              ;; Update discrete-histogram instance
              (set-discrete-histogram-n1! h n1)
              (set-discrete-histogram-n2! h n2)
              (set-discrete-histogram-bins! h bins))))
      ;; Update bins (<= n1 i n2)
      (let ((bin (- i n1)))
        (vector-set! bins bin (+ (vector-ref bins bin) weight))))))

;;; discrete-histogram-get: discrete-histogram x integer -> real
(define (discrete-histogram-get h i)
  (let ((n1 (discrete-histogram-n1 h))
        (n2 (discrete-histogram-n2 h))
        (bins (discrete-histogram-bins h)))
    (if (<= n1 i n2)
        (vector-ref bins (- i n1))
        (raise-mismatch-error 'discrete-histogram-bins
                              "index out of range" i))))

;;; discrete-histogram-max: discrete-histogram -> real
(define (discrete-histogram-max h)
  (let* ((n1 (discrete-histogram-n1 h))
         (n2 (discrete-histogram-n2 h))
         (n (+ (- n2 n1) 1))
         (bins (discrete-histogram-bins h))
         (max -inf.0))
    (do ((i 0 (+ i 1)))
        ((>= i n) max)
      (let ((x (vector-ref bins i)))
        (when (> x max)
          (set! max x))))))

;;; discrete-histogram-min: discrete-histogram -> real
(define (discrete-histogram-min h)
  (let* ((n1 (discrete-histogram-n1 h))
         (n2 (discrete-histogram-n2 h))
         (n (+ (- n2 n1) 1))
         (bins (discrete-histogram-bins h))
         (min +inf.0))
    (do ((i 0 (+ i 1)))
        ((>= i n) min)
      (let ((x (vector-ref bins i)))
        (when (< x min)
          (set! min x))))))

;;; discrete-histogram-sum: discrete-histogram -> real
(define (discrete-histogram-sum h)
  (let* ((n1 (discrete-histogram-n1 h))
         (n2 (discrete-histogram-n2 h))
         (n (+ (- n2 n1) 1))
         (bins (discrete-histogram-bins h))
         (sum 0.0))
    (do ((i 0 (+ i 1)))
        ((>= i n) sum)
      (set! sum (+ sum (vector-ref bins i))))))